The introduction of “what is Plantar Fasciitis?”
What is Plantar Fasciitis? The arches of the foot are a vital part of the human body. Moreover, some connective tissues support this part to keep the balance of the body. Sometimes, these connective tissues face some disorders. This disorder is plantar Fasciitis. Therefore, the heel feels much pain because of this disease. Besides, the lowest part of the foot faces severe pain with time.
When a person bends his feet, he or she will feel frequent pain because of this. This is why he will feel the pain, affecting both feet with time. Sometimes, a person cannot tolerate this pain. Plantar Fasciitis is the disorder of the ligament which is on the bones of the feet. However, it is not distinct why and how plantar Fasciitis occurs.
For instance, overuse of feet is one of the leading causes of this problem. Moreover, when a person stands for a long time, he may face this problem. Besides, when he does over-exercise, he can face this problem. In other words, when someone puts too much pressure on his feet, he can experience Plantar Fasciitis.
Most of the time, plantar Fasciitis recovers with time. However, physicians advise taking rest in most of the cases. Moreover, if it is not enough, orthotics, physiotherapy, and steroid injections are other options.
What is Plantar Fasciitis – significant facts?
All the facts of plantar Fasciitis are here in this paragraph.
- Strain injury most often causes micro-tears. The ligament in the feet faces this problem. Moreover, the ligament attaches the bone of the heel and other areas surrounding them. This causes plantar Fasciitis in the feet.
- The plantar fascia is one kind of ligament. Besides, it is the major ligament of our body. Pain or problem in this ligament is plantar Fasciitis.
- Foot pain, heel pain, soreness, and stiffness are the significant symptoms of plantar Fasciitis.
- Firstly, It needs some physical studies to detect this problem. The doctors also examine the history of this problem.
- This problem can relate to other diseases or can happen alone.
- A person with this problem needs rest and has to remain safe. Otherwise, re-injury can increase it severely.
- This problem is excruciating because of the lack of blood circulation to the related avascular tissue of that place.
What is Plantar Fasciitis – symptoms and the causes?
A person feels severe pain when plantar Fasciitis occurs in his feet. The pain comes about at the bottom of the foot and near the heel. The pain becomes worse after some days. A person faces plantar fasciitis problems. Then, they face severe pain with the first step after rest.
The symptoms are intense after time goes. The pain increases after taking rest or after sitting for a long time. However, symptoms improve by walking always. But signs are rare. Besides, a person feels swelling, numbness, tingling, and radiating pain because of plantar Fasciitis. The patient will not have any night sweats. Consequently, he will not have any fever.
The plantar fascia supports the arch of the foot. It absorbs the shock during walking, taking away the tension, stress, and pressure of the feet. Sometimes, the anxiety and stress become very high. Therefore, the plantar fascia faces small tears in its area. If it tears and meets stretching repeatedly, it will inflame and irritate the fascia.
Moreover, running a lot on the rough and tough surface may cause this problem. Besides, having diabetes is another reason. Sometimes, some people do not wear the right insoles or footwear. It also causes plantar Fasciitis. The person will feel severe pain. Sometimes, it becomes intolerable. However, the reason for this problem is not always apparent.
What is Plantar Fasciitis-risk factor?
Some factors raise the risk of Plantar Fasciitis. We will inform you of some of them in this phase.
People between the ages of 40 to 50 years very often face this problem. Plantar fasciitis disease is widespread for them.
Certain sorts of exercise
There are certain types of physical exercises that cause Plantar Fasciitis. These exercises are full of high stress on the heel, as well as the attached tissue—for instance, aerobic dancing, ballet dancing, and running for a long distance.
Extra work-load puts excess pressure and stress on the plantar fascia. As a result, it causes plantar Fasciitis.
Flat feet, abnormal style of walking and running, and a tall arch affect the distribution of weight on the feet. Next, these can put extra pressure, stress, and weight on the feet. Therefore, they cause Plantar Fasciitis.
There are some jobs which can cause this problem. Teachers, workers of factories, and many work for a long time standing and walking. So, they may face this problem. Their working style may damage their plantar fascia.
What is Plantar Fasciitis – pathophysiology
The doctors very poorly can understand the causes behind plantar Fasciitis. However, this disease has several contributing factors. Besides, it happens due to a non-inflammatory physical collapse. Moreover, according to current outcomes, it has a new name, plantar fasciosis.
However, small tears or micro-trauma happens to cause the physical break-down of the ligament. Microscopic examination is a vital part of detecting the causes. They are walking or standing disrupts the normal movement of the plantar fascia. These activities place extreme pressure, stress, and strain on the ligament.
What is Plantar Fasciitis-prognosis and the possibility of prevention?
The prognosis or prediction rate for plantar fasciitis disease usually is very decent. In general, it is determined by traditional methods. However, the condition can change its characteristics. Therefore, the physicians would need different types of treatments apart from traditional ones.
It is not impossible to prevent Plantar Fasciitis and proper treatment at the appropriate time is the best prevention for this problem. A person with this problem should use ideal footwear, not put much pressure on his feet. He should take a rest for the optimal time.
What is Plantar Fasciitis-diagnosis
The diagnosis of this disease needs some special procedures. The physician should consider many factors of the patient. He should consider the risk factor, clinical history of the patient, and clinical examination.
Diagnostic imaging processes are not mandatory in general cases. However, the doctor may decide to do imaging studies.
For instance, MRI, X-rays, and diagnostic ultrasound. X-rays give clear and real images of the bones. They are helpful to rule out the pain of the heel. So, we can see the heel spurs on the x-ray film. Moreover, ultrasound and MRI are other imaging processes.
But, doctors do not always use them. They use them rarely. The doctors use the MRI scan if the patient does not get relief from pain by primary treatment. However, the X-ray is the better way to get the image of the bones. Another diagnosis process is the differential diagnosis. This process is extensive and contains pathological objects.
The doctors can determine the diagnosis result of plantar Fasciitis according to some criteria. They are the medical history of a person and the physical examination. Moreover, sometimes the doctor suspects an infection, fracture, or some severe condition. This time, he orders a medical imaging report.
What is Plantar Fasciitis-treatment
The treatment process of plantar Fasciitis is of two types. They are the non-surgical and surgical processes. In this part, we will discuss these processes.
Most of the case, the patients become fully cured within six months. However, about 90% of patients do not need any further treatment. The patients take rest and day by day, and the pain becomes less. People also follow some other approaches. These approaches are ice, heat, calf-strengthening exercises, and massage. Moreover, you can use extra insoles inside their shoes to reduce pressure on their feet.
Moreover, you can use some taping techniques and orthotic devices. As a result, you can ease the pronation of the affected foot. This technique reduces the long-term extra pressure on the feet. Plantar iontophoresis is another technique to cure this pain. You can use acetic acid on their feet to ease the pain. However, some drugs mitigate this type of your pain.
For instance, naproxen or ibuprofen can reduce inflammation and pain. Doctors can also use Cortisone. It is one kind of steroid. However, you can use this injection in a limited range. Besides, the doctors also give you some physical therapy and other medication to get rid of this problem.
Generally, the doctors do not go for surgery. They apply the non-surgical treatment as long as possible. Besides, they apply surgical treatment after a minimum of 12 months of traditional therapy. Moreover, they use plantar fasciotomy as surgical treatment. They consider it as a last resort to recover from this painful disease. About 76% of patients get relief from this pain by this treatment. They face very few complications.
Not proven treatments
Some treatments need more analysis and research. This is why studies are going on these treatments. Botulinum toxin A is one type of injection for this disease. But, this injection also has some controversy. So, research is going on dry needling whether it is suitable as a treatment for plantar Fasciitis. According to a study, this treatment has shown limited success.
What is Plantar Fasciitis-exercises at home?
Different types of physical exercises and foot stretches may help the patients to get rid of the pain. Moreover, these exercises and medication can improve the strength of the muscle.
Stretching the calf
The pain and suffering of plantar Fasciitis become worse with the tightness of the muscle of the feet. Therefore, a person should loosen the strength of the calf to get rid of the pain. He should follow the followings,
- Firstly, you should lean the arms against a concrete wall.
- Secondly, you have to make your knee of the affected part straight. Then you can bend your other knee.
- After that, you should keep both your feet at a flat level on the solid ground.
- You should apply an extending feeling in the affected heel.
- Finally, you should hold this for about 10 seconds and repeat it several times.
The patient should place a round-shaped thing under his feet. Then, he should roll it forth and back. Therefore, it will help him to loosen his foot muscles. People may use a Wilson golf ball, a rolling pin, or a foam roller to do this exercise. These items are available in any sports shop or online shop.
Stretching the affected plantar fascia.
- Firstly, the patient should sit on a chair. Then, he should put his affected heel over his other leg.
- Secondly, he should pull his toes toward his shin. It will create some tension in his foot.
- After that, he should place his other hand below his foot. Therefore, he will feel the tension in his plantar fascia.
- However, he should hold like this for about 10 seconds.
- Moreover, he can use a towel to do this exercise. It will help him to hold and stretch his foot.
Wrapping up with what is Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis is a common reason for pain in the heel. It usually happens with the initial periods in the early morning. Ignoring this problem sometimes causes long-lasting pain in the heel. So, it will hinder regular activities. You have to change your walking style. Consequently, you will get relief from the pain of plantar Fasciitis.